When it comes to chemotherapy, it’s looked up with adulation and at the same time with extreme fear. When a person takes up chemotherapy he’s warned by family members and friends about the numerous side effects associated with it.
So what exactly is chemotherapy?
The term chemotherapy is used to refer to the drugs that help in cancer prevention by preventing the cancer cells from mutating any further. It kills these cells and prevents them from growing and dividing. Now everything starting from how effective the treatment will be to the number of doses that will be required, depends on which stage of cancer you are in. The later it is, the faster your cells mutate, therefore making the entire process a lot harder yet not as effective.
There can be numerous adverse effects, the list can be endless and exhaustive. However it’s no cause of worry because a patient normally experiences a maximum of two side effects at a time. It’s important to talk to your physician about everything before you take to chemotherapy starting from the chemotherapy cost in india to the amount of medication you will require.
The science behind chemotherapy
When cancer strikes you, the cells in your body start growing in an unstoppable uncontrollable manner. Imagine going to a recreational park that is just brimming with children and every minute more children are pouring in. Even when you stop them from entering, to get thousands of children out of the park will take quite some time because children being children don’t want to leave what they like. They’re stubborn with no moral high ground.
Cancer cells are like these children. They mutate easily and once chemo is applied on them it doesn’t function as fast as you would expect it to. This is because just like children at a recreational park, cancer spreads and is not just limited or singled out to one specific area. So chemo takes its time because depending upon the stage, the cancer cells start occupying a large amount of space that was previously occupied by cells that were helping the body.
The chemo drugs which can be single or a combination of different ones are injected directly into the bloodstream and helps in attacking these cancer cells in the body if they have spread or helps in targeting a specific place where the cancer has started if it is in its initial stages.
How long will the chemo last?
To get the best out of the entire process, the patient will need regular bouts of chemo and the period will be mentioned by the doctor or the cancer specialist.
Each dose of the chemo drug is powerful so depending upon the extent to which cancer has spread, the dose can be given in one day or span over several weeks. Being a powerful drug, the therapy needs a period of rest to help patients recover from the entire process.
Psychologists are always available to help patients deal with the emotional stress that comes with each therapy session.